building highly-accessible websites
ADA Compliance Retrofitting
Let Users with Disabilities Enjoy the Web Too
In accordance with the Federal Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA), websites are required to follow user protocols to address any challenges those with disabilities may have when browsing sites.
We have developed a series of guidelines that have helped us build highly-accessible websites, avoiding penalties incurred from the ADA. Starting with a clear and user-friendly web design, and adding many useful facets of accessibility, we have pioneered innovative incorporations of features that dissolve challenges that may affect the way users with disabilities use and enjoy web experiences.
AA & AAA Conformance
Audio content must have captions to accommodate hearing disabilities.
Prerecorded video content must have audio descriptions.
The contrast ratio of text and pictures of text must be 4.5:1.
Users must have the ability to resize text up to 200% without the use of assistive technology and the loss functionality or access to content.
Text that can be used in place of images should always be implemented when possible.
The user should have multiple ways to access web pages.
Use headings and labels to describe topics and purpose of web components.
The keyboard focus indicator must be visible on all interfaces, at all times.
The languages used in the website’s content must be determinable by the user’s browser. Foreign, technical, surrounding, and indeterminable language does not apply.
The navigational tools within the website must be consistently and uniformly applied throughout.
Features and components that are functionally consistent must also be identified consistently.
When the user makes an error during input, they should be provided with recommendations when they are clearly defined.
The user’s sensitive data transactions must be secure and reversible, with the opportunity to verify their data before submission.
Sign language interpretation is required for all prerecorded audio content.
For prerecorded video content, extended gaps with audio descriptions must be provided to compensate for the lack of a pause feature or proper gaps.
For all media, alternatives to prerecorded video and audio content must be available to the user.
In place of live-audio, users must have access to equivalent information.
The ratio for text content and images of text must maintain a 7:1. Large-scale versions of both are subject to a 4:5:1. Text related to the logo, user interface, and design solely have no minimum requirements.
For audio content that contains speech (not CAPTCHA), must be without background sounds, be provided the option to turned off, or maintain 20 dB lower than the prerecorded audio.
Users should be offered the ability to choose select foreground and background colors.
Each content block must not exceed a width of 80 characters or glyph. Additionally, the text should not be justified.
The line spacing must be set at 1.5 spacing within paragraphs. Paragraph spacing must be at minimum 1.5 times larger than the line spacing.
Without the use of assistive technologies, the user must be able to resize text up to 200 percent and without the need to scroll horizontally to read a line.
Images of text should only be applied for aesthetic reasons or supplementary purposes to the information at hand.
Page functions should be accessible through a keyboard without the need for timed keystrokes.
Users should be able to defer interruptions, with exception to emergencies.
If a session expires, the reauthentication process must ensure no loss of data as users resume their activity.
The use of visual content that contains flashes must have stay within a rate of three flashes per second.
For content, sections need to have headings to organize and differentiate sections.
The user must be informed of their location within a set amount of pages.
Abbreviated terms must have a mechanism for the user to learn their meaning.
There should be a feature to define terms and expressions users may not understand.
Providing an option for users to learn the proper pronunciation of words when the user is unable to distinguish the particular term.
The interface must provide supplemental information when the presented content is more advanced than lower secondary education.
Being able to make changes to navigational steps, selections, and submissions of information is a forgiving requirement to ease the user’s concern of irreversible errors.
Giving the user the ability to make changes or be provided options to revert changes are required design features.
Leveling the ease for different scenario-based users.