Web database design basics

Brainstorming an effective database design

You’ve got a brilliant idea for a webpage/site! You’ve identified a theme is and have a pretty good idea what your content will be. The next step is to make sure that you have an awesome database to pull it together.

Developing a database plan

Before anything else, identify your database’s key functions. Before determining its size and complexity, you’ll need to do some groundwork, as follows–

  • Research database platforms to familiarize yourself with how they are built, how they work and are maintained.
  • Pinpoint the objects the database will manage.
  • Model the objects in a manner that directly reflects/synchs with your database’s key functions.
  • Find the required information for each respective object. This includes raw data, a categorical, identifier, as well as relational and referential columns of data.
  • Note the relation between each object.

Identify optimal databases

Online transaction databases are best because they are user friendly, created with the modern consumer in mind. Their advantages include–

  • Excellent data placement.
  • Online, seamless database updates.
  • Index is updated every time a new row of data is added.
  • Use of hardware with much quicker response times than what is used in traditional databases.
  • High ‘normalization’ of the database, significantly reducing redundant information.

Why normalization is important

Normalization is an important database process that makes index creation and sorting lightning fast. The indexes of a normalized database are notably more compact with less data per table, making index management much easier.

Four keys to a well-designed database

  • Each table should contain an identifier.
  • There should be no null columns in a table.
  • Limit data to one object per table.
  • Avoid repeating values in any given table.


Creating a database can be time-consuming but planning ahead greatly enhances efficiency and optimal results. Researching and becoming aware of the various database platforms and their functions will make your job much easier.

"Networks, databases, the internet, the web, where is it all going?" Computer answers - "I haven't made up my mind yet!"

“Networks, databases, the internet, the web, where is it all going?” Computer answers – “I haven’t made up my mind yet!”


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